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In , there were two elections eight months apart - but that was under different circumstances because no party won a majority in the Commons in the first one.
A general election means that the subsequent election is now due in But an election could be held at any time if two-thirds of MPs vote for it, as they did this time.
A future government could also decide to scrap the Fixed Term Parliaments Act - the Conservative manifesto includes plans to do so.
Parliament broke up on 3 May to allow just over a month of full-pelt campaigning ahead of 8 June. The Conservatives gained control of 11 councils and Labour lost seven, with UKIP losing the council seats it had been defending, and gaining just one.
In addition, six areas in England voted for newly-created "combined local authority mayors". The Conservatives won four mayoral races and Labour two.
The Manchester Gorton by-election, caused by the death of Labour MP Gerald Kaufman, had been due to take place on 4 May but will now be held at the same time as the general election on 8 June.
Britain is still on course to officially leave the European Union on Friday 29 March Negotiations with other EU nations are not due to start until June, meaning the election will probably be over and a new government in place before any serious talking gets under way in Brussels.
The Conservative Party says this is a "one-off chance to hold an election while the European Union agrees its negotiating position".
If Mrs May wins by a big margin in the UK, she will see it as a vote of confidence in her strategy for leaving the EU. There are lots of opinion polls carried out in the run-up to a general election.
Their methods vary but they usually survey the views of at least 1, people to find which political party is likely to get most votes.
A poll tracker amalgamates the results of several opinion polls to try to get as clear a picture as possible. The BBC tracker , for example, takes the results of the latest seven opinion polls, on a rolling basis, and works out the median middle rating for each party.
When you hear someone talking about one party having a poll lead over another - they are talking about the gap between the percentage ratings of the parties in the latest poll or set of polls.
The opinion polls were wrong about the general election and the industry has yet to fully fix the problems that caused those inaccuracies.
So they should be taken with a pinch of salt. Many Labour MPs have "safe" seats - they got thousands more votes than their nearest rivals in , meaning they could lose votes and still retain their place in the Commons.
The Conservatives have fewer "safe" seats than Labour. They pulled off their surprise general election victory by winning seats just where they needed them, such as in previously Liberal Democrat-held constituencies in the south-west of England.
The danger for Labour is that it piles up votes in seats it already holds - something that happened in - rather than in areas represented by rival parties.
This makes it harder for it to suffer large-scale losses, but it also makes it relatively harder for it to make big gains. They were not due to be introduced until A public consultation is under way with final proposals set to be made in The main parties faced a race against time to get candidates in place and some streamlined their normal selection procedures, with more candidates chosen centrally.
Some 68 parties and independent candidates contribute to a total of 3, people standing for Parliament this year - a decrease of from Some of the big names stepping down include former Conservative chancellor George Osborne - who is now editing the London Evening Standard newspaper - and ex-party chairman Sir Eric Pickles.
The Green Party has one MP. Five MPs sit as independents. The Met Office warns of evening rush hour travel disruption as snow hits England and Wales.
Politics selected Parliaments Brexit. Find your constituency and candidates Enter a postcode or seat name Start typing to search Search for constituencies.
Media playback is unsupported on your device. More on this story. Elsewhere on the BBC. In Wales, candidates stood for election. Unlike in previous elections, the timetable of the snap election required parties to select candidates in just under three weeks, to meet the 11 May deadline.
Former employment minister Esther McVey was selected to contest Tatton. Former Labour MP Simon Danczuk stood as an independent candidate, after being rejected from standing with that party and then withdrawing his party membership.
Ahead of the general election, crowdfunding groups such as More United and Open Britain were formed to promote candidates of similar views standing for election, and a " progressive alliance " was proposed.
Within a few days of the election being announced, the Green Party of England and Wales and the SNP each proposed to collaborate with Labour and the Liberal Democrats to prevent a Conservative majority government.
Notwithstanding national arrangements, the Liberal Democrats, the Greens and UKIP indicated they might not stand in every constituency.
Prior to the calling of the general election, the Liberal Democrats gained Richmond Park from the Conservatives in a by-election , a seat characterised by its high remain vote in the EU referendum.
The general election came soon after the Northern Ireland Assembly election on 2 March. The deadline was subsequently extended to 29 June.
Local elections in England, Scotland and Wales took place on 4 May. Notably, the Conservatives won metro mayor elections in Tees Valley and the West Midlands , areas traditionally seen as Labour heartlands.
On 6 May, a letter from Church of England Archbishops Justin Welby and John Sentamu stressed the importance of education, housing, communities and health.
All parties suspended campaigning for a time in the wake of the Manchester Arena bombing on 22 May. Major political parties also suspended campaigning for a second time on 4 June, following the London Bridge attack.
Labour had supported Brexit in the previous parliament, but proposed different priorities [ clarification needed ] for negotiations.
The Conservative manifesto committed the party to leaving the single market and customs union , but sought a "deep and special partnership" through a comprehensive free trade and customs agreement.
It proposed seeking to remain part of some EU programmes where it would "be reasonable that we make a contribution", staying as a signatory of the European Convention on Human Rights over the next parliament, and maintaining the Human Rights Act during Brexit negotiations.
Parliament would be able to amend or repeal EU legislation once converted into UK law, and have a vote on the final agreement.
Two major terrorist attacks took place during the election campaign, with parties arguing about the best way to prevent such events. Former Conservative strategist Steve Hilton said Theresa May should be "resigning not seeking re-election", because her police cuts and security failures had led to the attacks.
The Conservative manifesto proposed more government control and regulation of the internet , including forcing internet companies to restrict access to extremist and adult content.
On 6 June, May promised longer prison sentences for people convicted of terrorism and restrictions on the freedom of movement or deportation of militant suspects when it is thought they present a threat but there is not enough evidence to prosecute them, stating that she would change human rights laws to do so if necessary.
The question of a proposed Scottish independence referendum was also thought likely to influence the campaign in Scotland.
Although Labour and the Liberal Democrats both rejected election pacts with each other and with the Greens and the SNP, and although the Liberal Democrats ruled out a coalition deal with the Conservatives, the Conservatives campaigned on the proposition that such deals might nevertheless occur, using the phrase "coalition of chaos".
May launched the Conservative campaign with a focus on Brexit, lower domestic taxes and avoiding a Labour—Lib Dem—SNP "coalition of chaos", but she refused to commit not to raise taxes.
On 7 May the Conservatives promised to replace the Mental Health Act , to employ an additional 10, NHS mental health workers by and to tackle discrimination against those with mental health problems.
Unveiling the Conservative manifesto in Halifax on 18 May, May promised a "mainstream government that would deliver for mainstream Britain".
The Conservative Party manifesto at the general election proposed repealing the Fixed-term Parliaments Act Corbyn launched the Labour campaign focusing on public spending, and argued that services were being underfunded, particularly education.
Central themes of the Liberal Democrat campaign were an offer of a referendum on any eventual Brexit deal and a desire for the UK to stay in the single market.
The party reported a surge in membership after the election was called, passing , on 24 April, having grown by 12, in the preceding week.
After declining to state whether he thought gay sex was a sin , Farron affirmed that he believed neither being gay nor having gay sex are sinful.
The party proposed raising income tax by 1p to fund the NHS, and maintaining the triple-lock on the state pension. On 12 May the party revealed plans to legalise cannabis and extend paid paternity leave.
Despite losing all of the seats it was defending in the local elections but gaining one from Labour in Burnley , Nuttall insisted voters would return to UKIP in the general election.
Within hours of the election being announced, Corbyn, Farron and Sturgeon called for televised debates. Sky News and Channel 4 hosted an election programme on 29 May where May and Corbyn were individually interviewed by Jeremy Paxman after taking questions from a studio audience.
May said that she had already debated Corbyn many times in parliament, and that she would be meeting the public instead.
Sturgeon and Farron were expected to do the same on 4 June, but after the London Bridge attack it was rescheduled to 5 June and instead presented by Nick Robinson.
The party leaders were individually questioned by a studio audience. The debate was rescheduled for Tuesday 6 June. Newspapers, organisations and individuals endorsed parties or individual candidates for the election.
For example, the main national newspapers gave the following endorsements:. Broadcast media, by giving airtime directly to Jeremy Corbyn and his policy ideas, is seen as playing a significant role during the election in presenting him as someone less frightening that the newspapers had presented him and more engaging than Theresa May.
As during the election, although less than then From the start of the campaign, commentators predicted a landslide victory for the Conservatives.
In the general election, polling companies underestimated the Conservative Party vote and overestimated the Labour Party vote  and so failed to predict the result accurately.
The first-past-the-post system used in UK general elections means that the number of seats won is not directly related to vote share. Thus, several approaches are used to convert polling data and other information into seat predictions.
The table below lists some of the predictions. Different commentators and pollsters currently provide a number of predictions, based on polls and other data, as to how the parties will be represented in Parliament:.
Results for all constituencies except Kensington were reported by the morning after the election. The Conservatives remained the largest single party in terms of seats and votes, but were short of a parliamentary majority.
The Conservatives won seats with The election resulted in the third hung parliament since the Second World War , with elections in February and resulting in hung parliaments.
YouGov correctly predicted a hung parliament after employing "controversial" methodology. In England, Labour made a net gain of 21 seats, taking 25 constituencies from the Conservatives and two from the Liberal Democrats.
Its gains were predominantly in university towns and cities and in London, most notably achieving victories in Battersea , Canterbury , Kensington and Ipswich from the Conservatives by narrow margins;  they also lost five seats to the Conservatives, largely in the Midlands , and were unable to regain Copeland which had been lost in a February by-election.
Richmond Park , which the Liberal Democrats had won in a by-election, was narrowly lost to the Conservatives.
In Scotland, the Conservatives, Labour and the Liberal Democrats all gained seats from the SNP, whose losses were attributed to opposition to a second Scottish independence referendum , contributing to tactical voting for unionist parties.
With thirteen seats, the Scottish Conservatives became the largest unionist party in Scotland for the first time since Having won 56 of 59 Scottish seats at the last general election, the SNP lost a total of 21 seats, and majorities in their remaining seats were greatly reduced.
UKIP failed to win any seats, with its vote share falling from The result was noted for increased vote shares for Labour up 9.
The highest combined share of the vote for the two main parties since , it was suggested this indicated a return to two-party politics  caused by tactical voting  which led to the Conservatives having a smaller share of seats despite an increased number of votes.
In terms of social grade , Labour increased its share of middle-class voters defined as ABC1 by 12 percentage points compared to the previous election while the Conservatives increased their share of working-class voters C2DE by 12 percentage points.
Published in August , the British Election Study BES , which surveyed 30, voters, found that despite a relatively low profile in the campaign, Brexit was considered to be the single most important issue facing the country by over a third of respondents.
The BES study indicated the importance of the campaign period. Election results plotted on a map showing equal-size constituencies, showing winning party in each.
Election results showing the best-performing party in each constituency, other than Conservative or Labour. After all constituencies had been declared, the results were: Ipsos MORI polling after the election suggested the following demographic breakdown:.
YouGov polling after the election suggested the following demographic breakdown:. Corbyn and Farron called on May to resign.
On 10 June, a survey of 1, ConservativeHome readers found that almost two-thirds of Conservative Party members wanted Theresa May to resign.
On 12 June, it was reported that the State Opening of Parliament , scheduled for 19 June, could be delayed.
After achieving just 1. The Conservative Party campaign was widely criticised by those within and outside the party. In , an investigation by Swansea University and The Sunday Times revealed that 6, Russian Twitter accounts, at least many of which were bots , supported Labour, denigrated Conservatives and reached millions of voters.
Their intention was to swing the elections for Labour. A January report in The Times reported that researchers at Oxford University and the University of Manchester have found that election turnout in June was actually in the high 70s and could have been as high as By overestimating the number of registered voters, official sources underestimated the proportion of the electorate that voted.
Turnout in the election is likely to have been roughly 78 per cent. The commission "continues to work to improve the accuracy and completeness" of the electoral register, he added.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from United Kingdom general election, General election held in United Kingdom.
Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act Candidates in the United Kingdom general election. Proposed second Scottish independence referendum.
Endorsements in the United Kingdom general election. Opinion polling for the United Kingdom general election, For complete results by individual constituency, see Results of the United Kingdom general election.
List of MPs who lost their seat in the United Kingdom general election. Gains at a general election are normally contrasted to the previous general election, ignoring by-elections in between.
Retrieved 24 June Retrieved 25 February No, a landslide for May would weaken it". Retrieved 26 June Boundary Commission for England.
Retrieved 29 April Boundary Commission for Scotland. Retrieved 3 May Boundary Commission for Wales. Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 26 April Retrieved 4 June Deadline for registration ahead of an election.
Note that 29 May is a bank holiday. Cabinet Office and The Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 April Can I register at both addresses? Retrieved 5 January Retrieved 20 May Prerogative powers and the Fixed-term Parliaments Act".
UK Constitutional Law Association. Retrieved 17 August MPs back plans for 8 June poll". Green Party of England and Wales.
Retrieved 27 April Retrieved 8 May Five things you need to know". Retrieved 2 June Written statement — HCWS". Cabinet Office and Civil Service.
Everything You Need To Know". Retrieved 12 June Retrieved 13 September Retrieved 19 May Where have all the politicians gone? Retrieved 24 July Retrieved 9 June Retrieved 13 May Wales number of candidates drops".
Scottish Greens to field three candidates". Retrieved 14 May Can parties select candidates in time? Retrieved 22 April How and why the ground campaign failed.
Retrieved 6 May Retrieved 7 May Retrieved 25 April Tony Lloyd chosen for Labour". Which MPs are standing down, and who might be standing?
Retrieved 12 May Bradford Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 10 May Retrieved 19 April Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 30 April Retrieved 21 April Retrieved 5 June The early signs it could really take off in ".
Retrieved 15 May Tory Brexit voters switched to us, say Lib Dems". Tories win four new mayors". Retrieved 9 May Retrieved 20 April Retrieved 23 May Sturgeon holds emergency meeting after blast".
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